**Content:**1. What are Outcomes?

2. Mapping the OKR Terminology to Kanbanize

3. How to create an Outcome?

4. The Outcome Options

5. How to Update the Current Value of an Outcome?

6. Adding a Historic Outcome Value

7. Types of Outcomes and corresponding OKR examples

8. What do the Outcome colors indicate?

9. Outcome Trend Window

10. Outcomes and Templates

**1. What are Outcomes?**

The Outcomes feature allows you to implement the OKR framework or track goals in general, regardless of the actual approach. Historically, Kanbanize has been a valuable tool to help you track the progress of work. Now we make it possible to also track whether this work brings you the results you were planning to get.

**2. Mapping the OKR Terminology to Kanbanize**

### Objectives = Initiatives

Surprisingly or not, we've always had the notion of Objectives in Kanbanize. These are the initiatives that you know so well. So, if you want to create an objective, just create an initiative.

### Key Results = Outcomes

If we assume that a given initiative represents an objective, we can think of the Outcomes as its key results. All outcomes live under a new section at the top of the initiative details, labeled * “Define desired measurable outcomes”*.

**3. How to create an Outcome?**

- an outcome must always be attached to a custom field of type Number - the current value of the outcome is the same as the value of the custom field - changing the current value will change the value of the custom field and vice versa |

In order to create an Outcome, select the desired initiative and open up the Outcomes window by clicking on the area just below the menu, pictured in the image below.

The following modal window will show up:

Go through fields 1 - 7 and fill in the corresponding data:

**(1)** Create a new outcome by selecting an existing Custom field (that is of the type Number) or creating a new Custom field.

**(2) **Set Current Value **- the value of the outcome at this specific moment in time. Setting the current value of an outcome is equivalent to setting the value of the corresponding custom field.**

**(3)** Write down a summary of the Outcome in the corresponding field in order to outline the goal more specifically.

**(4) **Starting Value - the value that the outcome starts out with (0% complete). This is the value that the progress of the Outcome is measured against.

**(5)** Target Value - the value of the outcome that you want to achieve and by reaching it, you would consider the Outcome fulfilled.

**(6) Operator** - this field has 2 possible values - or more/or less. This operator defines if your desired result should go above or below the Target Value.

**(7) Weight** - this value indicates how important this outcome is in relation to the other outcomes in the initiative (if any). Note that the weight is not a percentage. It's just a number, which will be compared relatively to the rest of the weight parameters (in the case of multiple outcomes per initiative).

**Important:** The progress of the outcome is calculated by comparing the Current Value field with the Starting Value and the Target Value. The possible values are between 0% and 999%.

**4. The Outcome Options**

### Closed Initiative Outcome Options

You can open a visualization of the Outcomes of an Initiative by clicking on the target icon in the top-right corner. Furthermore, from this window, you can filter the board by each Outcome to visualize only other initiatives with the same outcome.

### Open Initiative Outcome Options

Once you have saved an Outcome, you can access the following functions from the three dots menu on the right side - **(1)** Edit, **(2)** Values, **(3)** Trend, **(4)** History, and **(5)** Delete.

**(1)** Edit - allows you to edit all outcome properties, besides the initially selected custom field.

**(2)** Values - this function allows you to add/edit/delete historical data for the outcome’s values. This can be used for correcting wrong entries and creating historical data for the outcome. Check out the following short video on how this works: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdI_Vqo7hMM

**Important: **The timezone used for entering values for the Outcomes is the one configured in the Kanbanize account, as opposed to the one configured on the individual user's operating system. If those timezones are different, there may be an error where an Outcome Value may fail to be saved because it is "in the future" according to the timezone in Kanbanize.

**(3) Trend** - this allows you to open up the Trend window, where you can see past outcome values plotted on a graph, as well as future projections in some cases.

**(4) History** - all the changes made to the Outcome, such as the time created, current value changes, etc., are logged and displayed in this window.

**Note:** you have to update the initiative details/save changes to delete the Outcome successfully. If you choose not to do so, the Outcome will not be deleted.

**5. How to Update the Current Value of an Outcome?**

**Important:** The Current Value of Outcomes is directly tied to the value of the Custom field that it tracks. Each change in the value is recorded and used to create the trends chart.

**Updating the Current Value **

To update the current value of any outcome, do one of the following (the two actions are identical):

Click on the value itself and type in the new value:

Update the corresponding custom field:

**Note:** updating the outcome's value will update the corresponding custom field and vice versa.

**Note:** you have to update the card in order for these changes to be saved and in order for the Outcome tracker icon and the corresponding Custom Field to be changed.

** 6. Adding a Historic Outcome Value**

You can open the Outcome Values Menu to add historic Outcome values.

From the Outcome Values menu you can create as many historic values as needed.

**Important:**

- You
**cannot**add a new outcome value for a future date.

You**can**edit or delete all outcome values. You can also change the time of each entry. In certain cases, you will be warned with a pop-up about how a change will affect the other outcomes and the custom field value if you make such a change.

**7. Types of Outcomes and corresponding OKR examples**

### There are 4 general types of Outcomes:

**“Decrease” Outcomes**, where the Target Value is lower than the Starting Value and the operator is "or less".

For Example: Decrease Cost per lead from **5$ **** starting value** to

**3.5$**

**(currently**

*target value***4.9$**

**)**

*current value*

**“Keep Below” Outcomes**, where the Target Value is higher than the Starting Value, and the operator is "or less". Note: this type of Outcome has only 2 states -true (100%) or false (0%).

For example: Starting from **4.5% **** starting value**, keep Churn Rate below

**5%**

**(currently**

*target value***4.9%**

**)**

*current value*

**“Increase” Outcomes**, where the Target Value is higher than the Starting Value and the operator is "or more".

For Example: Increase MMR from** 2.5k$** ** starting value** to

**4k$**

**(currently**

*target value***2.7k$**

**)**

*current value*

“**Keep Above” Outcomes**, where the Target Value is smaller than the Starting Value and the operator is "or more". Note: this type of Outcome has only 2 states -true (100%) or false (0%).

For Example: Starting from **58 **** starting value**, keep NPS above

**50**

**(currently**

*target value***48**

**)**

*current value*

**8. What do the Outcome colors indicate?**

**Important:** If you add a deadline to your initiative, the predictions for the completion of the outcomes will be calculated with the deadline in mind. Additionally, adding a deadline to your initiative will enable the colors on the outcome tracker, which will indicate if you are on target with the outcome progress or not.

Outcomes only get colored when the initiative they are a part of has a **Target Date** (Deadline or Planned End Date) and has been started (moved to the “In Progress” section, i.e., has an (Actual) Start Date).

**Purple (Completed)** - the outcome is fulfilled at 100% (or more).

**Deep Green** **(On Track)** - the outcome is between 90% and 100% fulfilled OR the actual Outcome progress is higher than or equal to the expected Outcome progress.

**Light Green (Trending) **- the outcome progress is between 70% and 90% OR the difference between the expected and actual progress is between 0.1% and 15% OR the deadline/planned end date or the date of the most recently passed checkpoint is in the past and the actual progress is between 70 and 90%.

**Orange (Off-track)** - the outcome is less than 70% fulfilled OR the difference between the expected progress (based on the Target Date) and the actual progress of the outcome is between 15.1% and 30% OR the deadline/planned end date or the date of the most recently passed checkpoint is in the past and the actual progress is higher than or equal to 50%.

**Red (At risk)** - the difference between the expected progress (based on the Target Date) and the actual progress of the outcome is higher than 30.1% OR the deadline/planned end date or the date of the most recently passed checkpoint is in the past and the actual progress is lower than 50%.

**Grey/No color** - the outcome progress is below 89.99% and the Initiative does not have a deadline or planned end date, or any checkpoints.

**Note**: аs mentioned above, outcomes of type keep above/below have 2 states - true (100%) or false (0%). Due to this, colors for such outcomes' statuses would either be Purple (Reached - 100%) or Red (At risk - 0%).

**Note:** while the above are the general guidelines for the way the Outcome Tracker uses color to display the progress of the Outcome, the following things can affect the calculations behind it as well:

- Historical Current Values entered before the Initiative was created/before it entered the “In Progress” section (or was started for Timeline Initiatives)
- When the first Current Value is added to the initiative after its Start Date.

E.g., the initiative has been started, but the first Current Value is added 1 week after the start date. The projection and Outcome Tracker calculations will be calculated based on the time this first Current Value was added instead of the start date of the initiative.

**9. Outcome Trend Window**

You can access the Outcome Trend graph by clicking on the Outcome tracker.

There are two things of note here: the Graph visualization and the Outcome Checkpoints.

**Outcome Trend Graph**

There are 5 possible lines on this Trend graph that can be visualized in different scenarios:

**Actual**- this is the line that visualizes all values of the outcome through time. It is always present if you have at least one value that has been added to the Outcome.**Note:**The data for this line is accumulated daily, and in case there are two values recorded on the same day, the one recorded later in the day will be displayed. If no value has been added on a particular day, the value from the previous day is used.**Projection until Deadline**- this is a projection of the outcome progress and the expected outcome value up until and on the initiative's Deadline.**Projection until Planned End Date**- this is a projection of the outcome progress and the expected outcome value up until and on the Planned End Date of the initiative.**Projection until Target Value**- this is a projection about how much time it would take for the Outcome to reach the Target Value. The projection will be shown if the trend direction is towards the target and if the target value can be reached within the set time frame (based on the Deadline or Planned End Date).**30-day projection**- if there is no set Target Date on the initiative, you will be able to see a 30-day projection of the Outcome value.

There may be no projection available in this window in the following cases:

- If the Outcome doesn’t have a Current Value.
- If the Initiative has been finished.

**The projection line is calculated using the Least Squares method (the same that Excel uses when you extend a numeric row). This method does not account for seasonality in the data.**

**Note: **You can modify your outcome values and/or details directly from the Outcome Trend window.

Once you change a value from the Edit Outcome window or by entering the new values into the outcome statement at the top of the trend graph, the status (percentage) of the outcome will be automatically updated as well as the Outcome Trend graph. Every change in the current outcome value will automatically update its custom field value in the initiative, too.

**Outcome Checkpoints**

Under the Trend visualizations, you can find the Checkpoints menu, from where you can add progress checkpoints to the graphs.

**Important:** the checkpoints change the baseline for the trend calculation based on the target value and date of the checkpoint.

The baseline is the line that connects the starting value and the target value of an Outcome. It should serve as a guideline and keep you on track toward the completion of your target.

In order to be able to create a checkpoint, the following conditions must be met:

**a)** There needs to be a current value on the outcome, i.e., at least one value must have been added to the Outcome - this would mean that the outcome has started, i.e., it will have a Start Date.

**b)** There needs to be a configured target date via the Deadline or Planned End Date fields of the initiative. Note that the 30-day projection should not be mistaken for the outcome's Target Date.

**c) **There needs to be an available date for which to create the checkpoint. Note that a single date cannot have more than 1 checkpoint. In addition, the Start Date and the Deadline/Planned End Date cannot be one after another (e.g., Start Date - 01.01.2000; Deadline - 02.01.2000), i.e., there must be at least a 1-day difference.

Using the “plus” sign on the left-hand side will open a window to create your checkpoint. All you have to do is add your checkpoint’s details, such as “name”, “value,” and “date”. This will plot your checkpoint with a given numeric value on a specific date across the line.

By clicking on your newly created checkpoint, you have the option to edit/delete it.

**Note:** editing/deleting a checkpoint recalculates the trend graph.

Once you add checkpoints, you will notice that the baseline figure in the Outcome Trend changes. That’s because the graph recalculates the linear projection toward the checkpoint’s target value and date instead of the entire outcome. This allows you to have a more precise measurement of how you’re progressing over time toward your main goal.

**Note:** If your initiative/objective doesn’t have a deadline, the baseline’s linear projection will be visualized until the last available checkpoint.

Outcome checkpoints' progress is visualized in a similar way to the Outcome itself:

**Purple (Reached) **- checkpoint progress is at 100% or more.

**Deep Green (On track) **- checkpoint progress is between 90% and 99.9%.

**Green (Trending) **- checkpoint progress is between 70% and 89.9%.

**Orange (Off track) **- checkpoint progress is between 30% and 69.9%.

**Red (At risk) **- checkpoint progress is at 29.9% or less.

**Note:** similarly to Outcomes, checkpoints for outcomes of type keep above/below will only have two colored statuses that represent their progress - Purple (Reached - 100%) or Red (At risk - 0%).

Checkpoints' progress is calculated using the following formula:

**[(Current value – Start value) / (Target value – Start value)] * 100**

**Note: **Current value is the Outcome value at the checkpoint date.

If we use the above image as an example, let's take a look at the period between the Start date and checkpoint A.

The Current value is 50, the Start value is 0, and the Target value is 10 (checkpoint A).

Using the above formula, we have the following result:

**(50/10) * 100 = 500%** - **Purple**

Now let's take a look at the period between checkpoints A and B.

The Current value is 40, the Start value is 10 (checkpoint A), and the Target value is 41 (checkpoint B).

Using the same formula, we have the following result:

**(30/31) * 100 = ~96% **- **Deep Green**

Now let's take a look at the period between checkpoints B and C.

The Current value is 30, the Start value is 41 (checkpoint B), and the Target value is 28 (checkpoint C).

Using the formula, we have the following result:

**(-11/-13) * 100 = ~85% **-** Green**

Now let's take a look at the period between checkpoints C and D.

The Current value is 50, the Start value is 28 (checkpoint C), and the Target value is 100 (checkpoint D).

Using the formula, we have the following result:

**(22/72) * 100 = ~30% **-** Orange**

Now let's take a look at the period between checkpoints D and E.

The Current value is 50, the Start value is 100 (checkpoint D), and the Target value is 200 (checkpoint E).

Using the formula, we have the following result:

**(-50/100) * 100 = -50% **-** Red**

** **

**10. Outcomes and Templates**

If you happen to have a repeatable process where your goals are always the same, you could save yourself some additional clicks by embedding the outcomes in a template.

When creating a new initiative, just pick the template that was preconfigured with the outcomes, and they will be added to the initiative automatically:

**Note: **If your template contains an Outcome that has Checkpoints, the checkpoints will not be applied when you create a new initiative from this template.